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setting up openmediavault

I use OpenMediaVault as a file server, development web server and backup appliance. It's completely free and will run on anything from a Raspberry Pi to a high end PC. I'm actually using a Dell Wyse Thin Client which is plenty powerful enough to run OMV. From the new user guide...

The purpose of openmediavault, is to provide a NAS system that is highly “extensible” with value added plugin’s and access to numerous Dockers that are desirable and beneficial to home users and small businesses at little to no cost.

Install OMV

I use an amazing tool called Ventoy to hold all my boot .iso images.

1
Download OMV
Visit the OMV download page and download the correct ISO for the target hardware. I will be downloading version 5.5.1 for 64 bit machines.

2
Copy the iso onto your Ventoy drive and boot into the installer
With Ventoy, there is no need to burn the .iso to a disk or a USB stick. Simply copy it into a folder on your Ventoy drive and you are good to go. Insert the drive into an available USB port on the target machine and boot the machine. You may have to change the BIOS settings to enable boot from USB or to change the boot order.

3
Install OMV
Now is the time to get stuff started!

1
Click 'Install' on the boot menu.
2
Choose your target language.
3
Choose your location.
4
Choose keyboard layout (and wait).
5
Select, and connect to, a network.
6
Give your system a 'hostname'. This is the name with which it will identify itself to the network.
7
Choose a domain - if you are unsure, just enter 'home'.
8
Now set a 'root' password. The root user is the main administrator on the OMV box. Make sure your password is secure (i.e. hard to guess but easy to remember). You will have to enter this twice.
9
Now select the storage device to install OMV onto. If you have an internal drive as well as the Ventoy drive, make sure you choose the correct one!
10
Check the settings on this screen and select - be careful - is on the LEFT!
11
The system will install.
12
Configure the package manager Choose a location and then a 'mirror' for the package files. I choose 'ftp.uk.debian.org' - I always choose one that seems reliable (gut feeling).
13
Don't enter a proxy (unless you are behind a proxy)
14
Allow the installation to complete.
15
Wait for reboot - don't unplug the Ventoy drive until the machine reboots but remember to remove it before it starts to load Ventoy again.

With any luck, your machine should boot successfully to the command line prompt
<hostname> login: _
. From now on, you should be able to manage everything remotely 😃

Set up OMV


Everything from now on can be handled through the web interface.

1
Login to the web interface.
Open up your favourite browser and navigate to
http://<hostname>/
(replace with the name you set in step 6 above. You should see the login page. The default username is 'admin' and the default password is 'openmediavault'.

2
Familiarise yourself with the UI
You'll be taken to the dashboard which shows you some information about the platform. Along the left are quick links to the relevant management section. We'll only be focussing on some of these but it's worth having a flick through them now. Try not to change any settings yet though, just in case.

3
Change the administrator password
It's probably a good idea to change the default password.

System > General Settings > Web Administrator Password
Type a secure password (easy to remember, hard to guess) twice and click Save
Check the new password by logging out and back in. The logout button is in the top right where the three dots are.

4
Set the timezone.
Not sure why you need to do this or why mine isn't set but it's worth doing anyway.

System > Date & Time > Settings > Time zone > "Europe/London"
Select 'Use NTP server' if you want the time and date to be automatically updated for you.
"Save" > "Apply" > "Yes"

You have to "Apply" most of the configuration changes - watch for the yellow banner.

5
Run updates

Remember that the OMV interface actually allows you to manage the whole Linux subsystem as well. Now is a good time to run updates to get the system up-to-date before you start.

System > Update Management.
Check (& wait).
Now select all the available packages (tick box next to "Package Information") and click Install.
Wait a long time, whilst OMV is updated.
Now, you will very likely have to repeat this because OMV will find even more updates when it's done.

Change OMV managemnet port to port 81 as we are installing NGINX which will use port 80 (and 443)
Make sure you apply changes and then navigate to http://openmediavault:81/

Add and configure storage disks

It's important that you set up the storage disks correctly. This is individual to your requirements, but this is how I've done it on my system.

1
Create your 'file systems'
I have two disks connected to my server - one for 'storage' and one for 'backup'. If you select '+Create', you'll only be given a choice of creating a filesystem on new disks. I followed this process for both disks - labelling on 'STORAGE' and one 'BACKUP' and formatting them with the ext4 filesystem.

1
Create 'shared folders'


enable samba
hide files = aquota*/lost+found/_*_
share 'storage'
share 'backup' - read only

Install OMV Extras
https://forum.openmediavault.org/index.php?thread/5549-omv-extras-org-plugin/
Download the correct plugin
openmediavault-omvextrasorg_latest_all5.deb
Plugins > Upload > Browse > find the file > Upload
Search for the plugin (omvextras) or Section: Utilities
Tick and install, wait until 'Close' button is enabled.
On left, there will be a new option called "OMV-Extras"

Install Docker and portainer
OMV-Extras > Docker > Docker: Install and wait.
Portainer::Install and wait
Click Open Portainer
Create initial administrator user. Choose a secure password (easy to remember, hard to guess) > Create User
Select "Docker" and "Connect"

Install Filebrowser
App Templates > Filebrowser
Name: filebrowser
Advanced options
Port mapping: 1066 > 80
Delete '/srv' volume mapping
Volume mapping: '/data' select BIND > /
Deploy the container and wait
Click on the container to open it.
Click 'Duplicate/Edit'
Advanced container settings > Command
Change content to '--port=80' '--database=/srv/database.db' '--root=/data'
Console > Interactive & TTY
Deploy container > Replace
Browse to http://openmediavault:1066
Login with admin:admin
Be VERY VERY careful - this gives full unrestricted access to the filesystem!
Change your password from 'Settings > User management > admin:pencil'

linuxserver install
Portainer
Docker > Images
Pull linuxserver/nginx from dockerhub
containers > + Add container
name: linuxserver
image: linuxserver/nginx:latest (should autocomplete if you've already pulled the image)
+ Publish a new network port
host:80 > container:80
+ Publish a new network port
host:443 > container:443
Advanced container settings > Volumes
+ map additional volumes
container "/config/www" > bind > host "/srv/dev-disk-by-uuid-1f62058b-5530-983a-5c93-2cf1fc94bb5a/Websites"
Advanced container settings > Env
Add two new Environment variables
- PUID > 65534
- GUID > 65534
Click 'Deploy container'

Rsync for storage to backup drive
backup - frequency every 12 hours
archive - frequency weekly

rsync

Storage > Backup (every 12 hours)
type: local
Source folder: storage
destination: backup
minute: * > every n minute OFF
hour: 12 > every N hour ON
day of month: * > every N day of month OFF
Month: *
day of week: *
send email: OFF
trial run: OFF
quiet: OFF
archive mode: OFF
recursive: ON
Preserve permissions: ON
preserve group: ON
preserve owner: ON
compress: OFF
preserve ACLs: ON
preserve extended attributes: ON
keep partially transferred files: OFF
delete: OFF
extra options: --exclude "aquota*" --exclude ".*" --size-only
comment: Storage > Backup (every 12 hours)

run this script now to populate backup drive
use ssh / putty to create a folder "(Archive)" on backup drive

Archive deleted files (Saturday 3am)
type: local
Source folder: storage
destination: backup
minute: 0 > every n minute OFF
hour: 3 > every N hour OFF
day of month: * > every N day of month OFF
Month: *
day of week: saturday
send email: OFF
trial run: OFF
quiet: OFF
archive mode: OFF
recursive: ON
Preserve permissions: ON
preserve group: ON
preserve owner: ON
compress: OFF
preserve ACLs: ON
preserve extended attributes: ON
keep partially transferred files: OFF
delete: ON
extra options: --existing --ignore-existing --backup-dir="(Archive)" --exclude "aquota*" --exclude ".*" --exclude "(Archive)" --exclude "lost+found"
comment: Archive deleted files (Saturday 3am)

Create a file in storage
Run backup script
Delete the file
Run backup again - check file is NOT deleted on backup
Run archive script
Check file is moved into Archive folder.


move archived files to cloud storage 24 hours later using rclone

Install Rclone
connect rclone to google drive/OneDrive (https://rclone.org/drive/)
create move job for archiving - moves all
rclone move "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-backup/(Archive)" OneDrive_MM:"(Archive)" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P

MediaVault > GDrive (MM) 1:30
rclone move "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/TO GDrive (MM)" GDrive_MM:"(Transfer)/FROM MediaVault" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P
GDrive (MM) > MediaVault 2:00
rclone move GDrive_MM:"(Transfer)/TO MediaVault" "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM GDrive (MM)" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P ; chown nobody -R "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM GDrive (MM)"
GDrive (CIS) > MediaVault 2:30
rclone move GDrive_CIS:"(Transfer)/TO MediaVault" "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM GDrive (CIS)" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P ; chown nobody -R "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM GDrive (CIS)"
MediaVault > GDrive (CIS) 3:00
rclone move "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/TO GDrive (CIS)" GDrive_CIS:"(Transfer)/FROM MediaVault" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P
MediaVault > OneDrive (MM) 3:30
rclone move "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/TO OneDrive (MM)" OneDrive_MM:"(Transfer)/FROM MediaVault" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P
MediaVault > OneDrive (CIS) 4:00
rclone move "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/TO OneDrive (CIS)" OneDrive_CIS:"(Transfer)/FROM MediaVault" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P
OneDrive (MM) > MediaVault 4:30
rclone move OneDrive_MM:"(Transfer)/TO MediaVault" "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM OneDrive (MM)" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P ; chown nobody -R "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM OneDrive (MM)"
OneDrive (CIS) > MediaVault 5:00
rclone move OneDrive_CIS:"(Transfer)/TO MediaVault" "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM OneDrive (CIS)" --create-empty-src-dirs --delete-empty-src-dirs -P ; chown nobody -R "/srv/dev-disk-by-label-storage/Transfer/FROM OneDrive (CIS)"

Links
🌐
www.openmediavault.org
🌐
www.ventoy.net
Last modified: October 5th, 2021
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